Streptococcus dysgalactiae (Gp. C/G Strep)

General Information

Gram positive bacteria belonging to the family Streptococcaceae.

  • It is most frequently encountered as a commensal of the alimentary tract, genital tract, or less commonly, as a part of the skin flora.

  • The non-invasive disease manifestations include tonsillitis and superficial skin infections, such as cellulitis and erysipelas.

  • Invasive disease manifestations include necrotizing fasciitis and bone and joint infections.

  • Less commonly it can present as pneumonia, endocarditis, genital or intra-abdominal infections, usually in those with compromised immune systems.

  • Cellulitis/erysipelas

  • Necrotizing fasciitis

  • Bone and joint infections

  • Systemic and invasive infections in immunocompromised hosts

  • Pneumonia

  • Endocarditis

  • Intra-abdominal infection

  • Genital infection-rare

  • Bacteremia with no other focus (rare)

  • Post infectious immunologic sequelae: Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis and Acute rheumatic fever