Fermenting gram negative rod, of the Enterobacteriaceae family
Normal GI flora.
Most predominant gram negative bacillus.
Women’s Health: The most common cause of pyelo-nephritis in pregnant women. In addition a common cause of gram negative bacteremia in women with fever in labour/chorioamnionitis.
An exhaustive list.
Most common cause of UTI.
Prosthetic device infection
Gastroenteritis, ranging from travelers diarrhea to invasive infection with hemolytic-uremic syndrome
Myriad other manifestations
Note endocarditis is rare.
May require contact precautions if highly resistant i.e. ESBL, carbapenem resistant.
Treatment of choice for ESBL strains is a carbapenem.