Streptococcus, Group B

General Information

Gram positive cocci in chains, beta-hemolytic.

Common inhabitants of human gastrointestinal tract and genitourinary tract.

Major cause of perinatal infections, including bacteremia, endometritis, chorioamnionitis.

UTI in pregnant women and systemic and focal infections in neonates and young infants. Early onset neonatal GBS sepsis is associated with maternal colonization.

Can also cause systemic infection in immunocompromised adults and those 65 years and older.

Contact and Droplet precautions until 24 hours of effective antibiotic therapy for invasive disease only.